Computer Depiction and Non-Photorealistic Rendering

MIT CSAIL Computer Graphics Group


One of our long-term goals is the study, broadening, and capture of pictorial style for computer depiction. A broader variety of
styles is important because some styles are better at conveying various types of information or mood.
In addition, separating style and content allows for higher-level picture manipulation. We also believe that capturing the style of skilled artists can allow unskilled users to recombine elements of a well-refined depiction craft with their content, thereby producing more compelling pictures.


Apparent Ridges for Line Drawing
Tilke Judd, Frédo Durand, Edward H. Adelson
ACM Transactions on Graphics, 26(3), (Proc.Siggraph), July 2007
Defining Pictorial Style: Lessons from Linguistics and Computer Graphics
John Willats and Frédo Durand
Axiomathes, Volume 15, Number 2, 2005
Density Measure for Line-Drawing Simplification
Stéphane Grabli, Frédo Durand, François Sillion
Proceedings of Pacific Graphics - 2004
Programmable Style for NPR Line Drawing
Stéphane Grabli, Emmanuel Turquin, Frédo Durand, François Sillion
Eurographics Symposium on Rendering 2004
(The software is available online)
An Interactive Artificial Ant Approach to Non-Photorealistic Rendering
Yann Semet, Una-May O'Reilly, Frédo Durand
GECCO'04: Genetic and Evolutionary COmputation Conference
Dynamic Canvas for Non-Photorealistic Walkthroughs
Matthieu Cunzi, Joëlle Thollot, Sylvain Paris, Gilles Debunne, Jean-Dominique Gascuel, Frédo Durand
Graphics Interface 2003
An Invitation to Discuss Computer Depiction
Frédo Durand
ACM/Eurographics Symp. NPAR'02.
Decoupling Strokes and High-Level Attributes for Interactive Traditional Drawing
Frédo Durand, Victor Ostromoukhov, Mathieu Miller, François Duranleau, and Julie Dorsey
in the Proceedings of the 12th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, June 2001.
The Art and Science of Depiction
Frédo Durand
Unpublished manuscript, 2000.
French version

Related courses

The Art and Science of Depiction (Spring 2001)

This class explores perceptual and technical aspect of pictures, and more precisely the depiction of reality on a 2D medium. The focus is on an in-breadth multidisciplinary approach. Here are the slides of a talk I gave at the University College of London to outline the class. And here is a more recent version given at Stanford (1 slide per page or 6 slides per page)


Perceptual and Artistic Principles for Effective Computer Depiction

SIGGRAPH 2002 Course, together with Maneesh Agrawala, Bruce Gooch, Victoria Interrante, Victor Ostromoukhov and Denis Zorin.