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Re: dynamic vs. static typing

Jim Blandy <jimb@redhat.com> writes:

> Joe Marshall <jrm@ccs.neu.edu> writes:
>> > Also, in an evolving system, providing static information that turns
>> > out to be incorrect may be more costly than if we didn't bother to
>> > encode that information explicitly (an arguable point).
>> Any time you ask someone to provide redundant information, you strictly
>> increase the error rate.
> Errors detected statically and errors caught at run-time shouldn't be
> lumped together.  Adding type information increases the rate of false
> positives (errors reported for correct programs), but decreases the
> rate of false negatives (errors not reported for incorrect programs).

That depends on the type checker.  Some of them are anal enough that
there are no false negatives.

> Since the latter are only discovered at run-time, they're much more
> important to reduce.
> (I *think* I thought that through right.  No?)
> But what you wrote is a great argument for type inference over
> explicit annotation.