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2.3 Rational Expression

Command: num expr

The function num takes a rational expression as input and returns a numerator of the expression.

e25 : num((x^2+y^2)/(x^2-y^2));

        2    2
e25: - x  - y

e26 : num(7/4);

e26: 7

e27 : num(7/(4/3));

e27: 21
Operator: denom rational-expression

The Jacal command denom is used to obtain the denominator of a rational expression.

e26 : denom(4/5);

e26: 5
Command: listofvars expr

The command listofvars takes as input a rational expression and returns a list of the variables that occur in that expression.

e7 : listofvars(x^2+y^3);

e7: [x, y]

e8 : listofvars((x^2+y^3)/(2*x^7+y*x+z));

e8: [z, x, y]
Command: imagpart z

Returns the coefficient of %i in expression z;

Command: realpart z

Returns all but the coefficient of %i in expression z;

Command: abs z
Command: cabs z

| z |

Returns the square root of the sum of the squares of the realpart and the imagpart of z.