(Unfortunately, the high-resolution original from http://langmuir.chem.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp/colloid/photo/ is no longer available.)
Although the distance function to a sinusoid curve can be computed, it is easier to stroke tines vertically; and then add a horizontal displacement proportional to the sin(degrees) of each point's y-coordinate:
|Wh(x, y) = (x - 20 · sin(2.5 · y), y)|
[images are linked to PostScript files]
For a given depth z, if we apply a deformation followed immediately by the same deformation but with negative z, the two motions are in opposite directions and leave the points where they started. (−z)F is thus the inverse transform of (z)F. The inverse-composite-map is simply the composite-map functions in reverse order with negated z:
|F−1 = F1−1 ∘ F2−1 ∘ … ∘ Fn−1|
This method eliminates restrictions on the number and thinness of ink
bands. Only the viewable area is rendered; one no longer needs to
experiment with circle increments and the mostly unseen outer
But unlike the contoured images anti-aliased by GhostScript, assigning
the color to a pixel based just on the mapped coordinates' truncated
distance from the origin results in aliasing artifacts where multiple
bands squeeze through one pixel cell. Computing colors for
sub-sampled points would be slow; but the color-number's fractional
part can be used to interpolate between the colors of the two bands
whose border is closest.
The resulting image is perhaps too soft. Using an S-shaped function to sharpen the distinction between the bands reaches a happy medium.
To the left is the circular marble rendered as nested contours. To the right is the circular marble raster-rendered with the S-shaped function.
The next chapter attempts more complicated
effects acheived by physical ink marbling.
I am a guest and not a member of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
My actions and comments do not reflect in any way on MIT.|
|Topological Computer Graphics|
|agj @ alum.mit.edu||Go Figure!|